DRM - Disaster Risk Management
The Indian subcontinent is among the world’s most disaster-prone areas. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), almost 85% of India’s area is vulnerable to one or multiple hazards induced disasters. Climate change impacts could lead to additional 100 million people being trapped in poverty by 2030.
The most vulnerable during disasters are the marginalized communities; with children receiving a disproportionate share of the burden. Our aim is to reduce vulnerability and build community-level resilience with children's leadership so that children remain safe and protected. We facilitate opportunities for children to participate and contribute to the processes that impact their well-being, as enshrined in Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.
ChildFund India works with children, communities, organizations, local governance, and government to save lives in emergencies and reduce disaster risks in a systematic approach with the child-centered lens. The following are key interventions under the Disaster Risk Management thematic area:
The Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction (CCDRR) intervention enhances the resilience of children and their communities by building capacities to address disaster-related risks in the most vulnerable and disaster-prone communities. With local governance structures such as Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), ChildFund India works towards building capacity from a child-centered approach for effective risk reduction, protection, and education for children before and after a disaster. Children assume a key role in the CCDRR program to identify, analyze and reduce disaster risks/climate change vulnerabilities at the community level. They also contribute towards community-level disaster preparedness and work alongside adults in the emergency responses with appropriate skills. The program further engages with government authorities and peer agencies to further the child-centered agenda at the state and national levels.
The School Safety intervention aims to increase the capacities of children and school authorities to identify and minimize risks through comprehensive school safety planning and implementation. The program encourages children to take the lead to make their schools and their surroundings safer by systematically undertaking school safety activities. The children and school authorities are also trained on different skills such as first aid, psychosocial support, and search/rescue/evacuation for any eventuality or emergency. ChildFund India designs its school safety program in line with National School Safety Policy 2016 and supports the National Policy’s ambition to implement it at the micro-level.
The Integrated Child Development Services Safety intervention is mainly led by the mothers of children between 0-6 years of age who take charge in making the Anganwadi centers safer for their wards. They, along with the Anganwadi workers, lead risk identification and safety plan preparation with implementation for the centers.
The Child-Centered Humanitarian Assistance intervention prioritizes and addresses basic humanitarian needs of the children and the affected families, such as food, non-food items, and WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) interventions with a specific focus on personal hygiene for women and adolescent girl, during and post disasters. Child-Centered Spaces (CCS) is an important part of this intervention that provide safe spaces for the children during and after a disaster. CCS conducts age-appropriate child-friendly activities to help restore normalcy among disaster-affected children and provides psychosocial first aid, especially to children with psychosocial distress. Post a disaster, the program also helps children to continue their education by providing educational materials mainly focusing on stationery, school bags, umbrella, and water bottles.
The Post-Disaster Livelihoods Recovery intervention supports small farmers with agricultural inputs and non-agriculture based activities for landless and daily wage dependent families. Climate-smart agriculture including climate-resilient crops, systematic rice intensification methods, knowledge transfer on increased productivity, etc. is part of livelihood interventions in both emergency and development context.
The DRM program reaches most marginal communities living in vulnerable and disaster-prone locations including coastal, flood plains, and tribal areas across 15 states/UTs of India. The program contributes to SDGs 1, 11, and 13 which contribute towards the reduction of poverty, promotion of sustainable cities and communities, and encourages climate action, respectively.